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Moses reminds the Israelites that the LORD listened to his intercessory prayer and relented from destroying them. The LORD then asked Moses to continue to lead the people to go in and possess the land He swore to give to their fathers.

Moses asks Israel to set apart their heart before God and not rebel. They are to love and execute justice without partiality, including to aliens dwelling among them, for they were alien enough in Egypt. This reflects how God judges. It shows His love for all peoples. Israel should glory in God’s love and care for them.

After recounting the story of the molten calf incident, Moses reminds the Israelites of God’s love for them, and strongly commands the Israelites not to repeat the sins of the past, but to walk in complete obedience to their Suzerain God, Yahweh, because it is for their good.

Deuteronomy 10 transitions from rebellion and covenant breaking to covenant renewal. In chapter 9, Moses primarily used the story of the molten calf incident at Mount Sinai to remind the Israelites of their rebellion and covenant breaking (9:7-24). He also reminded them of his intercessory prayer on their behalf so that God might spare their lives (9:25-29). Here in chapter 10, Moses spells out God’s gracious response to his prayer, giving this generation a second chance to live in a covenant relationship with the Suzerain God, and resume their quest to enter the Promised Land.

Yahweh then commanded Moses once again to meet Him on Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments for the people. Moses exhorts the people to walk in obedience to God, because He has their best interest at heart. Walking in God’s ways leads to blessing. Part of the blessing is to have a land in which justice reigns without partiality, and those with less privilege are treated with dignity and respect. The chapter ends with Moses’ command to the Israelites to fear the LORD their God, to serve Him, cling to Him, because He is their praise—Israel should glory in the fact that God loves them and has done mighty deeds for them.

The chapter is outlined as follows:
I. After God answered Moses’ intercessory prayer by agreeing to spare the lives of the Israelites, God disciplines the people and replaces the broken tablets, this time placing them in an ark (vv. 1-5).

II. A narrator breaks in and provides some historical details regarding the responsibilities of the Levites to carry the ark, serve before the Lord, and to bless in His name. (vv. 6-9).

III. Moses reminds the Israelites that the LORD listened to his intercessory prayer and relented from destroying them. The LORD then asked Moses to continue to lead the people to go in and possess the land He swore to give to their fathers. (vv. 10-11).

IV. After recounting the story of the molten calf incident, Moses reminds the Israelites of God’s love for them, and strongly commands the Israelites not to repeat the sins of the past, but to walk in complete obedience to their Suzerain God, Yahweh, because it is for their good. (vv. 12-15).

V. Moses asks Israel to set apart their heart before God and not rebel. They are to love and execute justice without partiality, including to aliens dwelling among them, for they were alien enough in Egypt. This reflects how God judges. It shows His love for all peoples. Israel should glory in God’s love and care for them. (vv. 16-22).



Deuteronomy 10:1-5

After God answered Moses’ intercessory prayer by agreeing to spare the lives of the Israelites, God disciplines the people and replaces the broken tablets, this time placing them in an ark.

Deuteronomy 10:6-9

A narrator now breaks in and provides some historical details regarding the responsibilities of the Levites to carry the ark, serve before the Lord, and to bless in His name.

Deuteronomy 10:10-11

Moses reminds the Israelites that the LORD listened to his intercessory prayer and relented from destroying them. The LORD then asked Moses to continue to lead the people to go in and possess the land He swore to their fathers to give them.

Deuteronomy 10:12-15

After recounting the story of the molten calf incident, Moses reminds the Israelites of God’s love for them, and strongly commands the Israelites not to repeat the sins of the past, but to walk in complete obedience to their Suzerain God, Yahweh, because it is for their good.

Deuteronomy 10:16-22

Moses asks Israel to set apart their heart before God and not rebel. They are to love and execute justice without partiality, including to aliens dwelling among them, for they were alien enough in Egypt. This reflects how God judges. It shows His love for all peoples. Israel should glory in God’s love and care for them.