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Exodus 11:9-10

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Exodus 11:9
  • Exodus 11:10

The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.

In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.


The three cycles of plagues were now complete. The land of the Egyptians, as well as their economy and way of life, lay in ruins. Suffering, fear, and utter discouragement must have been pervasive. Neither Pharaoh, his servants, nor his priests, could do anything to prevent it or control it in any way.

 

The account of the tenth (and last) plague on Egypt, the plague of death of the firstborn, is described in 11:1 through 12:36. Chapter 11 looks back to what has already happened and at the same time looks forward to what is about to happen.

 

Chapter 11 can be outlined as follows:

  • The Next Plague Told to Moses (11:1 – 3)
  • The Next Plague Told to Pharaoh (11:4 – 8)
  • Results of the Nine Plagues (11:9 – 10)

Verses 9 – 10 are a parenthetical note in the account. In it, the LORD reviews and summarized what has happened since the beginning of the plagues in 7:8.

Despite all of the miraculous events in the first nine plagues, God warned Moses that Pharaoh will not listen to you. Apart from this being an unplanned and unintentional obstacle to the LORD’s plans, He reminded Moses that Pharaoh’s stubbornness was done so that My wonders will be multiplied in the land of Egypt. Through these plagues, the LORD showed that Egypt’s gods and goddesses were powerless in front of Him. Even Pharaoh himself, though considered divine, could do nothing to prevent or stop them from happening. Both the Egyptians and the Israelites had to learn this. Even when Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh; yet the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go out of his land. This was all part of the LORD’s sovereign plan, and the last plague, the death of the firstborn, was no exception.

Biblical Text

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that My wonders will be multiplied in the land of Egypt.” 10 Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh; yet the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go out of his land.

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