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Exodus 15:4-13

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Exodus 15:4
  • Exodus 15:5
  • Exodus 15:6
  • Exodus 15:7
  • Exodus 15:8
  • Exodus 15:9
  • Exodus 15:10
  • Exodus 15:11
  • Exodus 15:12
  • Exodus 15:13

The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.

In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.


Chapter 15 contains the Song of the Sea that was sung by Moses and the men of Israel after the LORD had just delivered the Israelites and decimated the Egyptian forces. As they were singing verses 1 – 18, Miriam and the women contributed to the LORD’s praise by singing (v. 21).

Starting in verse 22, the people of Israel begin their journey to the land that the LORD promised to them. They travelled to Marah in search for drinkable water, and when they found none, they rebelled against Him. In His grace, the LORD miraculously provided all the water the people needed. This showed the people that He was not only their Deliverer, He was their Provider as well.

Chapter 15 can be outlined as follows:

  • The Song of the Sea (15:1 – 21)
    • The Men Sang (15:1 – 18)
    • The Women Sang (15:19 – 21)
  • The Journey to Marah (15:22 – 27)

In the second part of the song (verses 4 – 13), the singers proclaim why they needed to lift up praises to the LORD for His great deliverance.

The first reason the singers need to praise (in verses 4-5) is what the LORD did to defeat the Egyptians. Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea. The Hebrew word for “cast” (yarah) is often translated ”to throw” or “to shoot.” The picture is that the LORD grabbed Pharaoh’s army and threw them into the Red Sea without any struggle. Even the choicest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea. The best troops that Pharaoh had were no match for the LORD. Their demise is pictured as the deeps cover them. They could not swim to safety, for they went down into the depths like a stone. The LORD’s victory was complete. His power cannot be matched.

The Egyptians ran straight into a pillar of fire that was the LORD without knowing it, and perished. It is interesting that a similar thing happens at the Battle of Armageddon when Christ takes hold of the Beast and the False Prophet and “throws” them directly into the lake of fire (Revelation 19:20).

Verses 6 – 10 contain the next section of praise.Your right hand, O Lord, is majestic in power, Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy. The “right hand” was a picture of the LORD’s sovereign power over His creation.His power was “majestic,” meaning that His power was superior to everything else. For Him to “shatter” (cause to crumble into pieces) the enemy was effortless.

Furthermore, the singers acknowledged to the LORD that in the greatness of Your excellence (or “by Your exalted majesty”) You overthrow those who rise up against You; You send forth Your burning anger, and it consumes them as chaff. The LORD’s “burning anger” is associated with His judgment of sin (Exodus 3:12; Deuteronomy 13:17; II Chronicles 28:11,13; Psalms 38:1; Jonah 3:9), and here His anger was directed at Pharaoh and the Egyptians. There is no power on earth that can prevail against His “excellence” or survive His “burning anger.”

The singers then celebrated their deliverance by using an anthropomorphism (use of human characteristics to that which is not human) at the blast of Your nostrils. The word “blast” (Heb. ruah) can also be translated “breath” or “spirit.” This is a picture of the parting of the Red Sea. The results of His exhaling through His nostrils was a picturesque way to describe the “east wind” (14:21). The result of this “blast” is described using three synonymous phrases:

  • The waters were piled up, meaning they were made to stand erect.
  • The flowing waters stood up like a heap. In other words, the waters of the Red Sea were collected into what looked like a mound of earth.
  • The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea. The word for “the deeps” is found in the singular in Genesis 1:2 to describe that chaos that existed before the days of creation. Here, the LORD caused even the deep, normally uncontrollable, waters to stop flowing so a way could be made for Israel’s escape.

Verses 9 and 10 poetically describe the pursuit of the Egyptians into the Red Sea and the LORD’s causing it to cover them (14:23-28). Seeing the dry land through the sea, the enemy said six things – I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; My desire shall be gratified against them; I will draw out my sword, my hand will destroy them. Notice the repetition of the phrase “I will.” It speaks of their intense resolve to capture the fleeing Israelites. Instead, the singers recounted back to the LORD – You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them. The word “wind” is the same as for “blast” in verse 8. But in verse 8, the wind caused the sea to be gathered up. Here, it caused the sea to fall upon the Egyptians. The result was that they sank like lead in the mighty waters. They did not float back to shore and survive. The LORD’s victory was complete.

In light of the LORD’s magnificent works, verses 11 – 13 declares that the LORD is incomparable. This is done in the form of questions.Who is like You among the gods, O Lord? Who is like You, majestic in holiness, Awesome in praises, working wonders? The implied answer is “no one!” This statement of the incomparability of the LORD is seen in many places in Scripture to emphasize the fact that there is nothing that comes close to the sovereign power of the LORD (Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalms 35:10, 71:19; Isaiah 44:7). In another picture of the LORD’s power, the singers state that You stretched out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them. The reference to the “earth” probably included the sea, but it might refer to the grave as well.

In Your lovingkindness You have led the people whom You have redeemed. The word translated “lovingkindness” has been translated “loyal love” and “mercy,” and it often has loyalty to the covenant in view. It is used for kindness and loyalty of a person to another person (2 Samuel 2:5, 9:7) and the LORD to His covenant people (Genesis 24:12; Deuteronomy 5:9f; Psalms 18:51, 32:10, 33:5; Jeremiah 9:24). The word “redeemed” refers to the LORD’s work on behalf of His people to retrieve them from danger or some kind of difficulty. The human version can be seen in the book of Ruth, where Boaz was Ruth’s redeemer (Ruth 4:14). The word also implies that the one who is redeemed belongs to the redeemer (I Corinthians 6:20).

The last line in verse 13 reads In Your strength You have guided them to Your holy habitation. It probably referred to the LORD leading His people to the Promised Land.

Biblical Text

4Pharaoh’s chariots and his army He has cast into the sea;
And the choicest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea.
“The deeps cover them;
They went down into the depths like a stone.
“Your right hand, O Lord, is majestic in power,
Your right hand, O Lord, shatters the enemy.
“And in the greatness of Your excellence You overthrow those who rise up against You;
You send forth Your burning anger, and it consumes them as chaff.
“At the blast of Your nostrils the waters were piled up,
The flowing waters stood up like a heap;
The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea.
“The enemy said, ‘I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil;
My desire shall be gratified against them;
I will draw out my sword, my hand will destroy them.’
10 “You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them;
They sank like lead in the mighty waters.
11 “Who is like You among the gods, O Lord?
Who is like You, majestic in holiness,
Awesome in praises, working wonders?
12 “You stretched out Your right hand,
The earth swallowed them.
13 “In Your lovingkindness You have led the people whom You have redeemed;
In Your strength You have guided them to Your holy habitation.

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