Exodus 19 Commentary

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The Mosaic Covenant: A Conditional Covenant

This covenant is an agreement between God and Israel, adding various conditional promises to the unconditional promises of God.

Exodus 19:1-9

God wants to make a covenant with Israel. He plans for His people to be a kingdom of priests to the nations by following His commands. The people agree to obey Him in all things.

Exodus 19:10-15

The LORD tells Moses to consecrate the people in order to prepare them for the making of the covenant. God will come down to Mt. Sinai on the third day of these preparations.

Exodus 19:16-25

The LORD descends to Mount Sinai with thunder, lightning, cloud, and trumpet sounds. Only Moses and Aaron are allowed to climb the mountain to meet with the LORD. Any violation of these rules would be tragic.