Exodus 22 continues the content of the Book of the Covenant, that runs from Exodus 20:22 to 23:33. It contains statutes concerning property rights, a person’s relationship with other Israelites, and a person’s relationship with the LORD.

Chapter 22 can be outlined as follows:
• Statutes About Thievery (22:1 – 4)
• Statutes About Damage to Pasture Land (22:5 – 6)
• Statutes About Damage to Property Kept by Others (22:7 – 15)
• Statutes About Social Issues (22:16 – 31)

Exodus 22:1-4

These are the judgements for theft.

Exodus 22:5-6

These are judgements for damage done to someone’s grazing fields and vineyards. Such damage could adversely affect or ruin the livelihood of the owner.

Exodus 22:7-15

These statutes concern property that is damaged in the care of someone entrusted with safekeeping it by the owner, or someone borrowing it from the owner.

Exodus 22:16-24

This passage deals with the consequences for someone living a life disloyal to the covenant. The LORD prohibits the abuse of society’s vulnerable—strangers, widows, and orphans.

Exodus 22:25-31

Here are rules concerning lending money to the poor and statutes relating to a person’s relationship to the LORD.