Exodus 22 continues the content of the Book of the Covenant, that runs from Exodus 20:22 to 23:33. It contains statutes concerning property rights, a person’s relationship with other Israelites, and a person’s relationship with the LORD.
Chapter 22 can be outlined as follows:
• Statutes About Thievery (22:1 – 4)
• Statutes About Damage to Pasture Land (22:5 – 6)
• Statutes About Damage to Property Kept by Others (22:7 – 15)
• Statutes About Social Issues (22:16 – 31)
These are the judgements for theft.
These are judgements for damage done to someone’s grazing fields and vineyards. Such damage could adversely affect or ruin the livelihood of the owner.
These statutes concern property that is damaged in the care of someone entrusted with safekeeping it by the owner, or someone borrowing it from the owner.
This passage deals with the consequences for someone living a life disloyal to the covenant. The LORD prohibits the abuse of society’s vulnerable—strangers, widows, and orphans.
Here are rules concerning lending money to the poor and statutes relating to a person’s relationship to the LORD.