The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
Exodus 23 completes the communication of the Book of the Covenant to the Israelites that started in Ex. 20:22. It contains laws about justice and about celebrating the Sabbaths and feasts. The last section of the chapter is the epilogue to the Book of the Covenant, and spells out what the LORD promises to do on behalf of His covenant people (Israel) if they serve and obey Him.
Chapter 23 can be outlined as follows: