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The LORD describes the priestly garments that are to be made by skilled craftsmen. These garments for Aaron and his sons.
The LORD describes how the ephod was to be made. It was an outer piece of clothing that covered the upper body of the priest.
God describes how to make the breastpiece for the priestly outfit. It was to be made of the same material as the ephod and was to have twelve stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel.
The description of the breastpiece continues.
God commands that the Urim and the Thummim be placed in the breastpiece over Aaron’s heart.
The LORD describes how the High Priest’s robe was to be made.
The LORD describes the golden plate. It was to adorn the turban and be worn on the High Priest’s head.
The LORD describes what ordinary priests were to wear.
The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
Chapter 28 continues the description of the tasks and responsibilities of the priests that began in Exodus 27:20 and continue through Exodus 30:38. This chapter concentrates on the garments that were to be worn by the priests as they went about their work of service to the LORD. The account of the making of these garments can be found in Exodus 39:1 – 30
Exodus 28 can be outlined as follows:
● The Reason for the Priestly Garments (28:1 – 5)
● The Ephod (28:6 – 14)
● The Breastpiece of Judgment (28:15 – 30)
● The Robe of the Ephod (28:31 – 35)
● The Golden Plate (28:36 – 38)
● The Tunics for the Priests (28:39)
● The Warning Against Deviating from These Instructions (28:40 – 43)