The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
Chapter 28 continues the description of the tasks and responsibilities of the priests that began in Exodus 27:20 and continue through Exodus 30:38. This chapter concentrates on the garments that were to be worn by the priests as they went about their work of service to the LORD. The account of the making of these garments can be found in Exodus 39:1 – 30
Exodus 28 can be outlined as follows:
● The Reason for the Priestly Garments (28:1 – 5)
● The Ephod (28:6 – 14)
● The Breastpiece of Judgment (28:15 – 30)
● The Robe of the Ephod (28:31 – 35)
● The Golden Plate (28:36 – 38)
● The Tunics for the Priests (28:39)
● The Warning Against Deviating from These Instructions (28:40 – 43)