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Yellow Balloons Devotional Series: Advent

Exodus 28:22-28

The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.

In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.


Chapter 28 continues the description of the tasks and responsibilities of the priests that began in Exodus 27:20 and continue through Exodus 30:38. This chapter concentrates on the garments that were to be worn by the priests as they went about their work of service to the LORD. The account of the making of these garments can be found in Exodus 39:1 – 30

Exodus 28 can be outlined as follows:
● The Reason for the Priestly Garments (28:1 – 5)
● The Ephod (28:6 – 14)
● The Breastpiece of Judgment (28:15 – 30)
● The Robe of the Ephod (28:31 – 35)
● The Golden Plate (28:36 – 38)
● The Tunics for the Priests (28:39)
● The Warning Against Deviating from These Instructions (28:40 – 43)


The description of the breastpiece continues.

Once the breastpiece was made, there needed to be adornments on it.

First, the craftsmen were to make four chains of twisted cordage work in pure gold.

There needed to maketwo rings of gold and they were to put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece. The two rings were likely used to connect to the chains, and hang from the shoulders. They were to put the two cords of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece. The two cords were to be connected to the two rings. Like a gold necklace connected to a piece of jewelry.

Then the other two ends of the two cords were to be placed on the two filigree settings, then on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front of it. They put two of the chains through these gold rings and attached them to the straps that hung on the priest’s shoulder. The breastpiece was similar to a necklace, but rather than hanging around the neck, it was attached to the shoulder pieces.

There was to be another set of two rings of gold which they were to place on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side of the ephod.

There was yet another set of rings—two rings of gold placed on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front of it close to the place where it is joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. This configuration allowed the breastpiece to be attached to the ephod.

Finally, they needed to bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod. The craftsmen were to line up the rings on the ephod with the rings on the breastpiece and tie it all together with a blue cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod. This elaborate design was so that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod, which could result in the breastpiece being contaminated, and make the garment unwieldy to wear while performing priestly duties.

Biblical Text:

22 You shall make on the breastpiece chains of twisted cordage work in pure gold. 23 You shall make on the breastpiece two rings of gold, and shall put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece. 24 You shall put the two cords of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece. 25 You shall put the other two ends of the two cords on the two filigree settings, and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, at the front of it. 26 You shall make two rings of gold and shall place them on the two ends of the breastpiece, on the edge of it, which is toward the inner side of the ephod. 27 You shall make two rings of gold and put them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front of it close to the place where it is joined, above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. 28 They shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord, so that it will be on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece will not come loose from the ephod.