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Exodus 29:22-25

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Exodus 29:22
  • Exodus 29:23
  • Exodus 29:24
  • Exodus 29:25

The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.

In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.


Exodus 29 is a detailed account of what should occur in the ritual for ordaining the priests into their service to the LORD. It was to last seven days, and during that time the priests were washed, anointed, and sacrifices were made. The ceremony itself is recorded in Leviticus 8.

Exodus 29 can be outlined as follows:

  • The Ordination Ceremony of the Priests (29:1 – 35)
    • o Preparation for Ordination (29:1 – 3)
    • o Washing (29:4)
    • o Anointing (29:5 – 9)
    • o The Sin Offering (29:10 – 14)
    • o The Burnt Offering (29:15 – 18)
    • o The Peace Offering (29:19 – 26, 31 – 34)
    • o The Wave and Heave Offerings (29:27 – 30)
    • o The Ordination Ceremony’s Length (35)
  • The Consecration of the Altar (29:36 – 37)
  • The Dedication of the Daily Offerings (29:38 – 46)

The fact that the LORD described this ceremony in such detail shows how important it was to the nation. Israel was chosen by God to be in a special covenant relationship with Him, and Aaron and his sons were chosen to be the mediators of this covenant. Such a privileged position required a special ceremony to impress upon all of the people what the LORD required of them in terms of worship and service. It could also be a reminder to the people that they were called to serve as a priestly nation, serving as mediators to other nations (Exodus 19:5-6).


The LORD describes the next part of the ordination ceremony. Aaron and his sons were given parts of the sacrificed animal along with bread cakes. They then waved them as an offering to the LORD. This offering was then burned on the altar in the LORD’s presence.

The ordination of Aaron and his sons continued with taking some of the body parts of the ram (the fat that was in the body, the tail, and the entrails), along with a lobe of the liver, the two kidneys, and the right thigh.

This was done because it was a ram of ordination. The Hebrew phrase literally means “ram of filling.” Here, the hands of the priests were to be filled with the items to be offered to the LORD. To be a priest was to have one’s hands filled with serving the LORD.

Along with the ram’s organs, the priests were to be given one cake of bread and one cake of bread mixed with oil and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread which is set before the Lord.

Moses was commanded to put all these in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons, and were told to wave them as a wave offering before the Lord.

After the waving of the offering, Moses was to take them from their hands, and offer them up in smoke on the altar on the burnt offering for a soothing aroma before the Lord; it is an offering by fire to the Lord. What the priests had in their hands was taken by Moses and placed on the altar and burned. This burning resulted in the “soothing aroma” that “‘ola”(ascended) to God. This was an indication of God’s acceptance of their sacrifice. (‘Ola is translated burnt in this chapter).

Biblical Text

22 “You shall also take the fat from the ram and the fat tail, and the fat that covers the entrails and the lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them and the right thigh (for it is a ram of ordination), 23 and one cake of bread and one cake of bread mixed with oil and one wafer from the basket of unleavened bread which is set before the Lord; 24 and you shall put all these in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons, and shall wave them as a wave offering before the Lord. 25 You shall take them from their hands, and offer them up in smoke on the altar on the burnt offering for a soothing aroma before the Lord; it is an offering by fire to the Lord.

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