In Exodus 30, the LORD gave Moses instructions on other items to be constructed. They were to be placed in the tabernacle and used in the worship of the LORD. Specifically, instructions on how to build the altar of incense, the laver, the anointing oil, and the incense.
Exodus 30 can be outlined as follows:
• The Altar of Incense (30:1 – 10)
◦ Its Construction (30:1 – 5)
◦ Its Placement (30:6)
◦ Its Use (30:7 – 10)
• The Census Offering (30:11 – 16)
• The Laver (30:17 – 21)
• The Oil and the Incense (30:22 – 38)
◦ The Oil (30:22 – 33)
◦ The Incense (30:34 – 38)
The LORD describes how the altar of incense was to be built. The rings and the poles, used to carry the altar of incense, are also described here.
The LORD describes where the altar of incense was to be placed.
The high priest was to burn incense every morning and evening, resulting in incense being before the LORD all day, every day. Only certain incense could be burned, and atonement needed to be made for the altar every year.
The LORD describes what can be labeled as a “tabernacle tax.” Moses was to take a census and receive a “ransom” (a half a shekel) from everyone twenty years or older. The money was to be used to maintain the tabernacle.
The LORD then describes how to make a laver (or basin). It was to be made of bronze and used by the priests to wash their hands and feet before they entered the tabernacle to serve the LORD.
This passage concerns the oil used for anointing. Following the introduction, the LORD specifies how to make the anointing oil. Then the LORD states the purpose of the anointing oil, followed by the command to make it a permanent part of worship at the tabernacle.
The LORD describes how to make the incense, its use, and the demand for complete obedience.