The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
In Exodus 30, the LORD gave Moses instructions on other items to be constructed. They were to be placed in the tabernacle and used in the worship of the LORD. Specifically, instructions on how to build the altar of incense, the laver, the anointing oil, and the incense.
Exodus 30 can be outlined as follows:
• The Altar of Incense (30:1 – 10)
◦ Its Construction (30:1 – 5)
◦ Its Placement (30:6)
◦ Its Use (30:7 – 10)
• The Census Offering (30:11 – 16)
• The Laver (30:17 – 21)
• The Oil and the Incense (30:22 – 38)
◦ The Oil (30:22 – 33)
◦ The Incense (30:34 – 38)