The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
Exodus 34 contains the account of the renewal of the LORD’s covenant with Israel. Through their sin with the golden calf in chapter 32, the people of Israel had broken the covenant made in chapters 20 – 23. Because of Moses’ intercession in chapter 33, the LORD promised His continued presence with them as they journeyed to the Promised Land. To restore this unique relationship, the covenant was renewed. Moses’ face glowed as a result of being in the presence of the LORD.