The book of Exodus is the second book of the Torah (“law”). It continues the story of Genesis concerning the migration of the family of Jacob (the Israelites) to Egypt (Genesis 50). It describes the commissioning of Moses and Aaron as God’s representatives on earth to accomplish God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt and lead them to the Promised Land (the land of Canaan). It also relates the miraculous deliverance from Egypt beginning with the plagues on Egypt and the crossing of the Red Sea. It then describes the journey to Mount Sinai and the establishment of the Mosaic covenant with the Israelites. The last part of the book involves the specifications and building of the tabernacle – the place where the Lord Himself dwelt amongst His people.
In the book of Exodus, the focus shifts to the deliverance of God’s people.
Chapter 8 continues description of the plagues upon Egypt. Specifically, it covers plagues two (frogs), three (gnats), and four (flies). The pattern also continues of the plague being imposed on Egypt, Pharaoh asking Moses to stop it, then Pharaoh hardening his heart. Each plague teaches both the Egyptians and the Israelites of the powerless of Egypt’s pagan deities and the overwhelming superiority of the God of the Hebrews.
Chapter 8 can be outlined as follows:
- The Plague of Frogs (8:1 – 15)
- The Plague of Gnats (8:16 – 19)
- The Plague of Flies (8:20 – 32)