Genesis chapter 12 contains the call of Abram and the beginning of God’s covenant with him. The chapter begins as God calls Abram to leave his home country and travel to a promised land. There is a great famine in Canaan, so Abram heads to Egypt where he makes an error. To Abraham, God gives many promises, one of which is that he will have many descendants who will form a great nation.
God tells Abram to leave his home and country in order to move to another land. God promises blessings to Abram and that through Abram all the families of the earth will be blessed.
Abram, his wife and nephew leave Haran and travel to Canaan. Abram builds an altar for the Lord in Canaan.
There is a great famine in the land, so Abram goes to Egypt.
In Egypt, Abram asks his wife to only say she is his sister for fear that the people will kill him and kidnap Sarai because she is a beautiful woman.
Pharaoh learned of Sarai’s beauty and treated Abram well by giving him gifts and servants. But God sent plagues to Pharaoh because Sarai was Abram’s wife.
Pharaoh realizes that Sarai is Abrams wife and not his sister. He tells them to leave.