Genesis 13:5-7

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Genesis 13:5
  • Genesis 13:6
  • Genesis 13:7

Genesis is a book about many beginnings. The beginnings of the world, the human race, sin and redemption, and the nation of Israel to name a few. In fact, the word Genesis from the Greek means “origin,” and in Hebrew it means “beginning.” The book of Genesis contains the events of the flood, tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the lives of the Patriarchs.

In the beginning, God created everything by simply speaking, “God said…and it was so” (Genesis 1:6-7, 9, 11, 14-15). This is not a scientific technical account of creation, but it shows a loving God creating a universe and mankind to rule it and fellowship with God. Man was formed especially from the ground and given the breath of life from God. The woman was made from the man’s rib (Genesis 2:7).

After man fell into sin, things began to spin out of control quickly. Cain murdered his brother Abel and the human race became so violent that God decided to destroy them all with a flood. God saved one righteous man (Noah) and his family in an ark filled with animals to deliver the human race from extinction. God chose Abraham and blessed a special group of people named “Israel.” God began to unfold a plan of salvation from a coming famine by sending Joseph to rule in Egypt. The failure of man in every circumstance is met by the salvation of God. We fail, but the good news is God saves us.

In Chapter 13, Abram returns from Egypt to Canaan. Lot and Abram had been together since they left Ur years before. Their flocks and herds and tents had become large enough that a dispute between their herdsmen broke out over pasture lands. So, Lot and Abram agreed to separate. Lot chose to move eastward towards Sodom and Gomorrah, choosing the more fertile, the “well-watered” land, in spite of the wickedness of the inhabitants. God reiterates and expands His promises to Abram. Abram settles in Hebron.

Conflicts break out between Lot and Abram’s herdsmen. The Canaanites and Perizzites lived in the land too.

Lot…also had flocks and herds and tents. Wealth of the day was measured largely by the number of animals one owned. Like Abram, Lot also had accumulated much wealth.

The land could not sustain them, the blessing of God creates a challenge for Abram and Lot. Livestock made up the greater part of their possessions, and the land around Bethel and Ai did not have enough water and pasture for such large flocks and herds (Genesis 13:10, 26:17-22,32; 36:7).

There was strife between the herdsmen of Abram’s livestock and the herdsmen of Lot’s livestock; the herdsmen quarreled over pasture land for their flocks due to inadequate space. The existing population also made demand on the good pastureland, as the Canaanite and the Perizzite were dwelling then in the land. Disputes over water and grazing rights were common for the patriarchs, so they developed migratory nomadic lifestyles. Similar challenges faced Isaac and the Philistines (Genesis 26:12-22), Jacob and his uncle Laban (Genesis 30:43), and Jacob and Esau (Genesis 36:6-7).

Abram’s grandson Jacob (renamed Israel) will return to Egypt due to a famine, as his grandfather Abram did. They will exit Egypt a great nation. This episode between Abram and Lot points out the difficulty of Abram’s family becoming a great nation if they had remained in Canaan grazing livestock. Their company likely numbers in the hundreds at this point, but they still suffer a lack of space for their livestock. God used a negative situation in Egypt to create something very positive. In Egypt the Hebrews lived in close proximity, which was allowed by the fertile river culture. This allowed them to become a great and populous nation, as God promised to Abram (Genesis 12:2; 13:16; 15:5).

Biblical Text

5 Now Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents. 6 And the land could not sustain them while dwelling together, for their possessions were so great that they were not able to remain together. 7 And there was strife between the herdsmen of Abram’s livestock and the herdsmen of Lot’s livestock. Now the Canaanite and the Perizzite were dwelling then in the land.

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