In Genesis chapter 15, the unconditional Abrahamic covenant is confirmed, and the spiritual seed is promised. Abram was leading a more settled life at Hebron, yet he still had no son of his own. Abram requested surety that the promised land would be given to his descendants. God makes a covenant with Abram, promising him descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky, even though Sarai had not birthed children. God also promised that the land would belong to Abram’s offspring. God confirms the covenant with a sacrificial ceremony. God explains that before Abram’s seed could inherit Canaan, they would spend 400 years in a foreign land (Egypt). From chapter 15 we learn faith is the key that unlocks the door of promises. God counted Abram as righteous just because he believed. And God rewarded Abram because he acted upon his belief.
Abram questions God because he is still childless and without an heir. God reassures him.
Abram believed God’s promise and because of his faith, God counted him righteous.
God begins a covenant with Abram.
The covenant ceremony is prepared. God causes Abram to fall into a deep sleep.
God shows Abram that Israel will be enslaved (in Egypt) for 400 years. Then they will return to the promised land. Abram is told he will live a good long life.
God appeared and made the covenant with Abram. God again promises the land to Abram’s descendants and gives the details.