Genesis 19:15-17

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Genesis 19:15
  • Genesis 19:16
  • Genesis 19:17

Genesis is a book about many beginnings. The beginnings of the world, the human race, sin and redemption, and the nation of Israel to name a few. In fact, the word Genesis from the Greek means “origin,” and in Hebrew it means “beginning.” The book of Genesis contains the events of the flood, tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the lives of the Patriarchs.

In the beginning, God created everything by simply speaking, “God said…and it was so” (Genesis 1:6-7, 9, 11, 14-15). This is not a scientific technical account of creation, but it shows a loving God creating a universe and mankind to rule it and fellowship with God. Man was formed especially from the ground and given the breath of life from God. The woman was made from the man’s rib (Genesis 2:7).

After man fell into sin, things began to spin out of control quickly. Cain murdered his brother Abel and the human race became so violent that God decided to destroy them all with a flood. God saved one righteous man (Noah) and his family in an ark filled with animals to deliver the human race from extinction. God chose Abraham and blessed a special group of people named “Israel.” God began to unfold a plan of salvation from a coming famine by sending Joseph to rule in Egypt. The failure of man in every circumstance is met by the salvation of God. We fail, but the good news is God saves us.

Chapter 19 tells us of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham’s intercession for the cities, and Lot’s narrow escape. God sends two angels to see whether the city is as wicked as reported. Men of the city insist on sexually assaulting the two angels, definitively answering the question of the wickedness of the city.

The next morning, the two angels seized the hand of a halting  Lot and insisted they flee Sodom. Lot escaped with his wife and two daughters. They were instructed to escape to the mountains and to not look back at the city.

The next few verses have a sense of urgency in order to get Lot to safety. However, it will take some persuasion to get Lot out of town, the angels urged Lot. Lot was spared because the compassion of the LORD was upon him. Also because“God remembered Abraham” (verse 29) and sent Lot out of the city.

Lot hesitates but the angels force him to move. Lot hesitated. We are not told why. But there are many possibilities. We can speculate that he wanted to stay behind and convince his sons-in-law. Perhaps their argument began to influence Lot, and he began to have doubts. We can imagine his daughters would not be keen to leave their fiancés. We will find out later that his wife did not want to leave, perhaps she urged him to stay. It could be that he was worried about his possessions, he came to the area in the first place because his herds were so extensive. 

Safety now lies outside of the city, so, the men seized his hand…and put him outside the city. The angels did not hesitate, Lot and his wife and daughters were dragged physically to safety. This the second time the angels had to grab and rescue Lot (verse 10). Leaving the city was a type of salvation, deliverance from judgment. Had Lot not departed, he would be be swept away in the punishment of the city.  God was merciful and Lot was brought out of the city, the compassion of the Lord was upon him. He was also spared for Abraham’s sake (Genesis 18:23, 19:29). 

The men instructed Lot and his family, “Do not look behind you.” In order to look back, one would have to stop in the plain, short of the mountain’s safety. There was no time to linger or watch the destruction. They also instructed not to stay anywhere in the valley. Their lives depended on reaching the mountains. The mountains to which Lot was told to flee are on the Moabite Plateau east of the Dead Sea. Today they stand between 2,500 and 3,000 feet above the Dead Sea. They were out of the area in the plain that would be totally destroyed. The plain would soon be swept away. However, Lot will beg to stay in the small city of Zoar (verse 20).

Biblical Text

15 When morning dawned, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Up, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away in the punishment of the city.” 16 But he hesitated. So the men seized his hand and the hand of his wife and the hands of his two daughters, for the compassion of the Lord was upon him; and they brought him out, and put him outside the city. 17 When they had brought them outside, one said, “Escape for your life! Do not look behind you, and do not stay anywhere in the valley; escape to the mountains, or you will be swept away.”

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