Genesis 19:4-7

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Genesis 19:4
  • Genesis 19:5
  • Genesis 19:6
  • Genesis 19:7

Genesis is a book about many beginnings. The beginnings of the world, the human race, sin and redemption, and the nation of Israel to name a few. In fact, the word Genesis from the Greek means “origin,” and in Hebrew it means “beginning.” The book of Genesis contains the events of the flood, tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the lives of the Patriarchs.

In the beginning, God created everything by simply speaking, “God said…and it was so” (Genesis 1:6-7, 9, 11, 14-15). This is not a scientific technical account of creation, but it shows a loving God creating a universe and mankind to rule it and fellowship with God. Man was formed especially from the ground and given the breath of life from God. The woman was made from the man’s rib (Genesis 2:7).

After man fell into sin, things began to spin out of control quickly. Cain murdered his brother Abel and the human race became so violent that God decided to destroy them all with a flood. God saved one righteous man (Noah) and his family in an ark filled with animals to deliver the human race from extinction. God chose Abraham and blessed a special group of people named “Israel.” God began to unfold a plan of salvation from a coming famine by sending Joseph to rule in Egypt. The failure of man in every circumstance is met by the salvation of God. We fail, but the good news is God saves us.

Chapter 19 tells us of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham’s intercession for the cities, and Lot’s narrow escape. God sends two angels to see whether the city is as wicked as reported. Men of the city insist on sexually assaulting the two angels, definitively answering the question of the wickedness of the city.

The men of Sodom surrounded Lot’s house and demanded the two men be handed over to them to be sexually assaulted. Lot went outside to plead with the men not to behave so wickedly.

Sodom’s sin is clearly revealed when the men of Sodom surrounded the house. The news of strangers in town had spread, and the men knew where to find them. They openly made known their intentions to assault the visitors sexually saying, bring them out to us that we may have relations with them. 

Have relations is a translation of the Hebrew word yada. Yada means to know intimately, and is often translated “know.” The context here makes it clear their intent was sexual. Yada is used the same way in Genesis 4:1, translated as “had relations” as follows: “Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain.” Yada being translated as “had relations” in Genesis 4:1 clearly means sexual intercourse, as the result of “yada” was that Cain was conceived and born. 

This proved Sodom’s depravity (Genesis 13:13, 18:20-21). Men from every sector of the city and every age group, both young and old were involved in the planned sexual assault concerning the two visitors. It seems there was an intent for the entire hoard to abuse them.

The Bible clearly condemns this kind of assault. It also consistently pronounces this kind of behavior as wicked (Leviticus 18:22,29, 20:13, 23; Romans 1:18-32; 1 Corinthians 6:9; 1 Timothy 1:10). 

Lot went out to them to try to dissuade them from their wicked behavior asking, Please, my brothers, do not act wickedly. Wickedness can refer to moral depravity, immorality, idolatry, drunkenness, or rebellion (Deuteronomy 13:13; 1 Samuel 1:16, 2:12). Here the reference is to sexual assault of a mob of men upon two visiting men (2 Samuel 13:12; Romans 1:27). It is interesting to note that Lot anticipated their actions, but seems to believe he is immune from this treatment himself. This could have something to do with Abraham being his uncle. The town knew Abraham had a mighty band of well trained, armed men who had defeated four kings that had vanquished Sodom. Abraham had returned Lot to the city (Genesis 14). It might be that, up to the point, they did not want to mess with Abraham. 

Biblical Text

4 Before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, surrounded the house, both young and old, all the people from every quarter; 5 and they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may have relations with them.” 6 But Lot went out to them at the doorway, and shut the door behind him, 7 and said, “Please, my brothers, do not act wickedly.

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