Genesis 2:4-6

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Genesis 2:4
  • Genesis 2:5
  • Genesis 2:6

Genesis is a book about many beginnings. The beginnings of the world, the human race, sin and redemption, and the nation of Israel to name a few. In fact, the word Genesis from the Greek means “origin,” and in Hebrew it means “beginning.” The book of Genesis contains the events of the flood, tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the lives of the Patriarchs.

In the beginning, God created everything by simply speaking, “God said…and it was so” (Genesis 1:6-7, 9, 11, 14-15). This is not a scientific technical account of creation, but it shows a loving God creating a universe and mankind to rule it and fellowship with God. Man was formed especially from the ground and given the breath of life from God. The woman was made from the man’s rib (Genesis 2:7).

After man fell into sin, things began to spin out of control quickly. Cain murdered his brother Abel and the human race became so violent that God decided to destroy them all with a flood. God saved one righteous man (Noah) and his family in an ark filled with animals to deliver the human race from extinction. God chose Abraham and blessed a special group of people named “Israel.” God began to unfold a plan of salvation from a coming famine by sending Joseph to rule in Egypt. The failure of man in every circumstance is met by the salvation of God. We fail, but the good news is God saves us.

If Genesis chapter one is a panoramic view, Genesis chapter two is the close-up view. It provides more detail about the sixth day of creation, especially the creation of man. In it, we find we (mankind) are special to God.

We begin to see what is happening on the earth. No shrubs or plants had started to grow because it had not yet rained. A mist from the earth waters the surface of the ground.


In Genesis 2:4, we see the words Lord God. In the first chapter, God was always referred to as Elohim, the God of power. Here for the first time, God is seen as Jehovah Elohim. Jehovah is the proper name of the one true God. It means “the existing one.” Jehovah is sometimes compounded with another word to describe the character of the Lord in greater detail. In this case, Jehovah Elohim (Lord God) means the God of power and perfection, the one who finishes.

At this point, the earth was barren with no plants or rain. Man had not yet been created. Rain is a gift from God, and He can send rain, or He can withhold it. This is clearly illustrated in the book of Amos, Furthermore, I withheld the rain from you while there were still three months until harvest. Then I would send rain on one city and on another city, I would not send rain; One part would be rained on, While the part not rained on would dry up (Amos 4:7). The mist that God provided was preparing the ground for vegetation.

Biblical Text

4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven. 5 Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground. 6 But a mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground.

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