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Genesis 20:8-11

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Genesis 20:8
  • Genesis 20:9
  • Genesis 20:10
  • Genesis 20:11

Genesis is a book about many beginnings. The beginnings of the world, the human race, sin and redemption, and the nation of Israel to name a few. In fact, the word Genesis from the Greek means “origin,” and in Hebrew it means “beginning.” The book of Genesis contains the events of the flood, tower of Babel, Sodom and Gomorrah, and the lives of the Patriarchs.

In the beginning, God created everything by simply speaking, “God said…and it was so” (Genesis 1:6-7, 9, 11, 14-15). This is not a scientific technical account of creation, but it shows a loving God creating a universe and mankind to rule it and fellowship with God. Man was formed especially from the ground and given the breath of life from God. The woman was made from the man’s rib (Genesis 2:7).

After man fell into sin, things began to spin out of control quickly. Cain murdered his brother Abel and the human race became so violent that God decided to destroy them all with a flood. God saved one righteous man (Noah) and his family in an ark filled with animals to deliver the human race from extinction. God chose Abraham and blessed a special group of people named “Israel.” God began to unfold a plan of salvation from a coming famine by sending Joseph to rule in Egypt. The failure of man in every circumstance is met by the salvation of God. We fail, but the good news is God saves us.


In chapter 20 Abraham moves to Gerar 40 miles west of Hebron near the sea coast. At Gerar Abraham and Sarah have another experience like the one with Pharaoh (Genesis 12:10-20). Sarah is identified to King Abimelech as Abraham’s sister, and he takes her. But, God intervenes and eventually, all is restored.


Abimelech awoke and called for Abraham. He asked Abraham why he had misled them. Abraham replied he thought he would be killed because of his wife, because there was no fear of God in this place.

The King wasted no time sharing the revelation he had received from God. Abimelech arose early in the morning and called all his servants and told all these things. Abimelech was angry that Abraham’s deception had made him guilty of this great sin. He knew that taking a married woman into his harem was a great sin.

Abimelech reprimands Abraham for exposing him and his kingdom to the guilt and punishment of sin by withholding full information about his relationship to Sarah asking, “What have you done to us?” Abraham’s actions jeopardized the nation of Gerar. The king challenges Abraham asking, “How have I sinned against you?” asking Abraham what mistreatment deserved retribution. Abimelech points out that Abraham had done to me things that ought not to be done. 

He continues questioning, “What have you encountered, that you have done this thing?” In other words, “What mistreatment have you encountered that would cause you to mistreat us in return?” Adultery was a severe offense and a great sin, so the king wanted to know what Abraham’s reason was for doing this.
Abraham answered  that he assumed there was no fear of God in Gerar, so he reasoned that, as a result, he would be killed because of his wife. Abraham doubted there was any respect for one’s moral or social rights for human life among these unbelieving people (Psalm 36:1-4,11; Romans 3:18). The people of Sodom had no respect for a sojourner (Genesis 19:9), perhaps Abraham supposed the people of Gerar would be the same thinking, “they will kill me because of my wife.” Abraham’s concern was justified, as Abimelech did, indeed, desire and take Sarah. However, Abimelech did listen to God. It is interesting to note that Abraham answers Abimelech’s question in a straightforward manner. Perhaps this is part of his prophetic ministry. Abraham will also make it clear that his statement about Sarah being his sister was true.

Biblical Text

8 So Abimelech arose early in the morning and called all his servants and told all these things in their hearing; and the men were greatly frightened. 9 Then Abimelech called Abraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? And how have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? You have done to me things that ought not to be done.” 10 And Abimelech said to Abraham, “What have you encountered, that you have done this thing?” 11 Abraham said, “Because I thought, surely there is no fear of God in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife.

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