Matthew 1:5a meaning

Matthew continues the genealogy of Jesus and includes another Gentile woman.

Rahab is the second woman included by Matthew. Her story is told in Joshua 2 and 6:22-25. Rahab was a Canaanite prostitute in the city of Jericho when God led Joshua and the Israelites into the Promised Land. All of Jericho trembled behind their high walls after the Israelites crossed the Jordan River into Canaan.

Rahab showed tremendous faith and courage when she hid the Israelite spies. While her entire city prepared for war against Israel in fearful defiance of the true God, Rahab remarkably chose to trust in His power and goodness. For her faith, God not only spared her and her family, but also included this Canaanite in the ancestry of the Messiah. Rahab is also commended for her faith in Hebrews 11. The inclusion of Tamar and Rahab might be Matthew’s way of demonstrating that not only is Jesus the Messiah of Israel, but for all peoples (Genesis 12:3). Jesus’ death and resurrection covers the sins of all peoples (John 3:16). Matthew’s genealogy includes pagan Canaanites, which might foreshadow that His death and resurrection is to save and bless all nations.

Matthew skips Salmon’s son, Bethlehem, (1 Chronicles 2:51 and 2:54) and likely others as well. Salmon and Rahab lived during the time of the Conquest, as told in the book of Joshua. Boaz lived in the era when Israel was ruled by Judges, as described in the book of Ruth. Boaz is the great grandfather of King David, and he was two generations prior to Sauls reign as Israel’s first king. Acts 13:20 tells us the period of the judges was 450 years. During this period, Matthew lists only four generations (Salmon, Boaz, Obed, and Jesse). We know Matthew skipped Salmon’s son, Bethlehem, bringing the total number generations from Salmon to Jesse to five. Given the time period there were likely other generations unmentioned as well.

Biblical Text:

5 Salmon was the father of Boaz by Rahab,

Check out our other commentaries:

  • Genesis 16:10-12 meaning

    The angel of the Lord promised Hagar she will have numerous descendants. He tells her to name the baby “Ishmael” and that he will, unlike......
  • 3 John 1:2 meaning

    John expresses his love for the church and his hope that it will thrive.......
  • Romans 5:12-13 meaning

    Because Adam sinned, death came into the world and we are all born separated from God. Even before the law was given, death reigned in......
  • Romans 10:12-13 meaning

    Paul is restating to his audience of believers in Rome that there is no distinction between those Jews and Greeks who believe, that God is......
  • Ecclesiastes 10:12-15 meaning

    The foolish avoid industry, think they can control circumstances, and fill the air with many words—all of which leads to madness and weariness.......