Matthew 2:19-23 meaning

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Matthew 2:19
  • Matthew 2:20
  • Matthew 2:21
  • Matthew 2:22
  • Matthew 2:23

After King Herod dies, an angel informs Joseph by dream that it is safe to return to Israel. Joseph obeys, but is careful to avoid the region of Judea, because Herod’s son is in charge. In another dream God warns Joseph to go north to the region of Galilee. Joseph obeys and settles his family in the Galilean town of Nazareth. Matthew highlights that by living in Nazareth, this fulfills certain Messianic prophecies from Jeremiah.

King Herod died, likely in 4 B.C. An angel of the LORD once again appeared in a dream to tell Joseph in Egypt what to do. It was time to return his family to the land of Israel. The angel’s reason is that those who sought the Child’s life are dead. As before, Joseph obeyed immediately. He got up, took the Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel.

But Joseph cautiously avoided living in Judea, near Jerusalem, because Joseph heard that Herod’s son Archelaus was now reigning over Judea. He was afraid to go there as a result. His instinct was confirmed by God in another dream. God warned Joseph, causing him to settle in the Northern most part of Israel in the regions of Galilee. He returned to where he lived when he first met Mary, in a city called Nazareth.

Nazareth was located in the hill country, about halfway between the Sea of Galilee and the “Great Sea” (the Mediterranean), about 20 miles each way. It was tucked safely away from the notice of the powerful. It even had a reputation for being backward. When told by his friend Philip that they had found the Messiah, Nathanael famously asked, “Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?” (John 1:46) But although Nazareth was removed from the corridors of power, it was situated near important highways and Roman roads.

Nazareth was not far from the city of Sepphoris, which was rebuilt during Jesus’s upbringing in Galilee, by Antipas, Herod the Great’s son. Sepphoris was a Roman city, located at the intersection of two major trade routes, and it was the seat of the Roman government in Galilee. In many respects it was a little Rome, complete with an amphitheater and colonnade. Because Joseph was a craftsman/carpenter (“Tekton” in Greek: literally stone cutter or artisan) it is likely that Jesus, the Jewish Messiah, spent much of His life building this pagan city four miles from His home. “Tektoncould mean Jesus was a carpenter; it can apply to any sort of craftsman. Given the nature of the local building materials and what is known of Sepphoris, it is likely their work entailed a substantial amount of stonework, possibly including building mosaics.

2:19-23 But when Herod died, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said, “Get up, take the Child and His mother, and go into the land of Israel; for those who sought the Child’s life are dead.” So Joseph got up, took the Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in place of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there. Then after being warned by God in a dream, he left for the regions of Galilee, and came and lived in a city called Nazareth. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophets: “He shall be called a Nazarene.”

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