Add a bookmarkAdd and edit notesShare this commentary

Matthew 8:1-4 meaning

Large crowds follow after Jesus. A leper comes to Him, asking to be made clean. Jesus touches and miraculously heals the leper instantly. This is Matthew’s first specific account of Jesus miraculously healing someone.

The parallel accounts of Matthew 8:1-4 are found in Mark 1:40-45, Luke 5:12-16.

For the past three chapters, Matthew let his readers hear directly from Jesus, as the Messiah shared His kingdom platform with His disciples. Matthew now continues his narration, When Jesus came down from the mountain (v 1) to let his readers know that the following account took place after the "Sermon on the Mount."

Matthew writes that large crowds followed Him. He adds the word polloi (many) to ochloi (crowds) to demonstrate that it was a considerable number of people who followed Him. Matthew likely included the phrase "polloi ochloi" to differentiate these crowds from the crowd of disciples who Jesus spoke to on the mountain. This is the same Greek phrase also translated large crowds in 4:23-25, just prior to the Sermon on the Mount, which says:

"Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people. The news about Him spread throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, those suffering with various diseases and pains, demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He healed them. Large crowds followed Him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan."

These large crowds who followed Him were much larger in size than the disciples who gathered to hear their rabbi. Jesus now transitions from a crowd of disciples gathered to hear His teaching, back again to large crowds from all of Israel and the surrounding nations who followed Him. In this context the phrase, followed Him does not necessarily suggest allegiance or obedience to Him. The context indicates that people were following Him physically, likely in hopes of receiving healing.

Among those who came to Him was a leper. Leprosy was a dreaded disease in the ancient world.

Physically, leprosy was a skin and flesh disorder that brought about the literal decay of a person's body while they still lived. The first signs of leprosy were white spots on the skin (Leviticus 13:4). Lepers often did not know they had leprosy until they accidentally cut or injured themselves without feeling any pain. This was because leprosy deadened nerve endings and did not send the proper signals to the brain. Eventually, grotesque sores emerged across their bodies. Puss oozed from these sores as their flesh began to rot (Leviticus 13:10). As leprosy progressed, lepers' skin dried and their flesh degenerated. This brought about fiery itching (Leviticus 13:24). Lepers used sticks and broken pottery to scrape and scratch in an attempt to find a moment's relief from the agony. After a time, fingers, toes, ears, or parts of their nose would break off. Leprosy continued to disfigure and torment its victims until they finally perished.

Socially, the leper also suffered anguish. Leprosy was highly contagious. It had no known cure. Accordingly, lepers were ostracized. They were forbidden to have personal contact with anyone, including their family and friends. From the day they were first declared "unclean" they were cut off from all society (Leviticus 14:46). All of their relationships and everything they had worked for was taken from them. Their sense of self was stolen from them. Their reputation and name were erased by their affliction. Their identity became their disease—leper.

Lepers were stigmatized and feared. The only community they had was to be found in the leper colonies where they would cluster in caves to tend one another as they suffered while awaiting death. Family and friends would bring food near the entrance of these caves for loved ones, but they were careful to keep their distance, lest they too contracted the disease. Whenever a leper ventured away from the colony, they were required to warn others to stay away by ringing a bell or shouting "Unclean! Unclean!" Those downwind of a leper might smell the stink of death whenever they approached. Boys would throw rocks at lepers to keep them at bay.

In addition to the physical torment and social isolation, was the shame. Lepers were often thought to have contracted the disease as punishment from God for their sins (Numbers 12:10, 2 Kings 15:5, John 9:2). Leprosy rendered a person ceremonially unclean (Leviticus 13:3, 11, 14, 25, 30, 36, 44,). Even a leper's clothes were considered to have leprosy and be unclean. If the leprosy could not be washed out, then their garments and belongings were to be burned (Leviticus 13:47-59). Similarly, if a house were to continue to have leprosy after being thoroughly cleansed and re-plastered, the building was to be torn down and all its timber discarded (Leviticus 14:33-45). Anyone who entered a leprous house, touched leprous clothing, or came into close proximity to a leper was likewise considered ceremonially unclean (Leviticus 14:46).

The leper who came to Jesus demonstrated great faith. It is likely that he heard of Jesus's ability to miraculously heal (Matthew 4:24) and had come to Him in a desperate hope and bold attempt to be made whole. He certainly risked, and probably experienced backlash of angry shouts, sharp rebukes (or worse) from onlookers as he violated social norms and approached Jesus. The leper displayed remarkable humility when he came to Jesus. Recognizing his lowly condition, he bowed down before Him. Acknowledging Christ's authority, he said to Him, Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean (v 2).

The leper's statement reveals at least two things about his faith in Jesus. He referred to Jesus as "Lord." The leper knew Jesus had the power to heal him. He tells Jesus, You can make me clean (v 2). The leper had a confidence in the power of Christ. Second, the leper displayed humility. He began his request with the right perspective. Lord, if You are willing, he said (v 2). He does not demand that Jesus make him clean. He understands that Jesus does not owe him health. This humble leper simply states his request to be made clean, but he leaves it up to Jesus to decide what He will do. He had an attitude that seems to accept whatever outcome God decides. It is a similar attitude that Jesus will display as He prays to His Father hours before He suffers on a cross: "Father, if You are willing, remove this cup from Me; yet not My will, but Yours be done" (Luke 22:42). In this statement Jesus uses two different Greek words that are translated "willing" and "will." In the phrase "Father, if you are willing" Jesus uses "boulomai" which indicates an intent, a decision based on a plan. In the phrase "not My will, but Yours be done" Jesus uses "thelema" which is a wish or desire. Jesus is saying that His desire is not to suffer, but Jesus is setting His mind to trust that His Heavenly Father's ways is for the best. Jesus is essentially saying is "not My desire but Your plan be done".

By asking to be made clean, the leper was not just asking to be cured from the physical affliction of his disorder. He was asking to be restored to community among his family and friends. The healing of the disease was the means to that end.

Jesus understood the leper and was moved by his request. He stretched out His hand and touched him, saying "I am willing; be cleansed" (v 3). The manner in which Jesus chose to heal this man was significant. He could have simply uttered a word or waved a hand and the leper would have been healed. He touched him. Christ did not regard the traditions of ceremonial cleanliness as more important than this man's brokenness. But by personally touching the leper, Jesus validated his humanity and restored him to the community of human fellowship once again.

And immediately his leprosy was cleansed (v 3). He was instantly cured. He not only had no more visible signs of the disease, his body was healthy and the now former leper was made whole.

After He healed the leper, Jesus said to him, "See that you tell no one." At first glance, this seems like a strange request. He makes a similar request of His disciples when Jesus affirms to them that He truly is the Messiah (Matthew 16:20). He also forbade demons to tell others that He is the Son of God (Mark 1:34, 3:11-12). It could be that Jesus requested this because it simply was not time for Jesus's identity to be revealed, or His kingdom to be visibly established (John 2:4, 6:15, 7:6). However, after telling the man to tell no one Jesus immediately instructs the man to tell someone. This pairing likely meant Jesus was instructing the man of the priority in telling. Jesus told him: show yourself to the priest and present the offering that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them (v 4).

To be officially reinstated back into society a leper had to follow certain procedures and offer the appropriate sacrifices that God told to Moses (Leviticus 14:1-32). Jesus' command to tell no one was likely about the leper's priority in telling. Jesus was asking him first to fulfill the instructions of the Mosaic Law for anyone healed of leprosy. Jesus wanted the man to present himself to the priest and present the offering that Moses commanded (v 4).

This was not necessary to give thanks to God, as the healed leper had opportunity to do in person, since Jesus is God. Rather, it was for the purpose of providing a testimony to the priests. This would be consistent with Jesus' stated mission, to present Himself and His kingdom platform to Israel. It may be that Jesus did not want the healed man to tell anyone before he had presented himself to the priest.

It seems this was the interpretation, or at least the application employed by the leper. If the leper was told to make a testimony to the priest, he would be expected to make testimony to many others afterward. It is inevitable that the people in his town would know he had been healed. We can assume he complied with Jesus' request to show himself to the priest and make the offering that Moses commanded (v 4). The Gospel of Mark tells us that ultimately the leper spread the news far and wide:

"But he went out and began to proclaim it freely and to spread the news around, to such an extent that Jesus could no longer publicly enter a city, but stayed out in unpopulated areas; and they were coming to Him from everywhere."
(Mark 1:45)

Jesus stated His plan for spreading His kingdom platform in Mark 1:38-39:

"Let us go somewhere else to the towns nearby, so that I may preach there also; for that is what I came for." And He went into their synagogues throughout all Galilee, preaching and casting out the demons."

However, after the news spread that He healed the leper, Jesus had to remain in unpopulated areas due to the crowds. The phrasing from the Mark passage of "But he went out and began to proclaim it freely" might indicate that the leper's witness went beyond what Jesus preferred. This resulted in Jesus having to adjust His campaign to avoid the hindrance of massive crowds.

After the leper was healed Jesus told him to Go show yourself to the priest and present the offering that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them (v 4). Again, Christ's instructions gave the leper an opportunity to bear witness to the priests of Jesus's power as well as His adherence to the Mosaic Law. Leviticus 14:1-32 presents the priestly protocols for and the sacrifices to be offered for restoring a healed leper back into society. Jesus might have been illustrating to the priests His statement in 5:17 that He had not come to abolish the Law but to fulfill it.

Among the burnt offerings (Leviticus 14:13), sin offerings (Leviticus 14:13), guilt offerings (Leviticus 14:14), grain offerings (Leviticus 14:20), and wave offerings (Leviticus 14:24), this offering was entirely unique to lepers who were made clean. It involved two birds and it is a ritualistic allegory of the Messiah's sacrifice for man's salvation from sin and death. This is the offering that Moses commanded (v 4) which Jesus referenced:

"Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. Now he shall be brought to the priest, and the priest shall go out to the outside of the camp. Thus the priest shall look, and if the infection of leprosy has been healed in the leper, then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed. The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water. As for the live bird, he shall take it together with the cedar wood and the scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the running water. He shall then sprinkle seven times the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the live bird go free over the open field."

(Leviticus 14:1-7)

Leprosy represents sin and death. The bird placed in earthenware represents God's Incarnation into human flesh. Its slaying represents the Christ's death on a cross. The live bird that is dipped in the blood of the one that was slain represents the Christ's atonement of the sinner. There is the symbol of resurrection and new life when this bird is let go free over the open field.

Later on, when the priest performs the guilt offering for the cleansed leper, he does something unusual and rather personal in the sacrificial ceremony. He takes the blood of the lamb and puts "it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot" (Leviticus 14:14). He will also do this with oil (Leviticus 14:17). Touching one's ear is an intimate act. It is a sign of closeness and affection. It is quite possible that when Jesus touched the leper to make him clean, He touched his right ear.

The symbolism of leprosy as something with spiritual connections was likely broadly understood. This could account for the additional surge in crowds after word spread of this miracle.

Select Language
AaSelect font sizeDark ModeSet to dark mode
This website uses cookies to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalized content. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies as described in our Privacy Policy.