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Philippians 1:2-6

Verses covered in this passage:

  • Philippians 1:2
  • Philippians 1:3
  • Philippians 1:4
  • Philippians 1:5
  • Philippians 1:6

Under house arrest in Rome, Paul pens this letter to the Philippian believers as he awaits trial. He expresses how thankful he is for the Philippians in his prayers. They have financially supported Paul throughout his ministry, so he views them as co-laborers, and is confident that Jesus will continue to work through their faithfulness until His return.

Paul tells the Philippians how dear they are to him, that they share the favor from God that he receives for his suffering for Christ, since they are supporters of Paul’s ministry. He encourages them to grow in love and understanding, to pursue all good things until Christ returns, experiencing the result of living harmoniously with one another, which brings glory to God.

Despite being imprisoned in Rome, Paul’s ministry has increased. He has become well known to the emperor’s guards and has preached the gospel to them. Seeing how Paul has endured his hardships so well, the Roman believers have grown more courageous in sharing their own faith. Many do it out of sincerity, but there are some who preach Christ to gain status among the believers; they think that since Paul is a prisoner, he is out of the way, and they have an opportunity to gain influence and admiration in the church. They even seem to think their preaching would bother Paul, projecting their own envious attitudes onto him. But Paul is simply happy that the gospel is preached, whether the motive is pure or selfish.

He rejoices that he is imprisoned. He views his circumstances as positive, because they embolden him to continue to preach Christ with all his strength. Whether he is executed or set free, he will exalt Christ, and will not forsake his calling. If he lives, Paul gets to continue to preach Christ. If he dies, he gets to be with Christ in glory. Either circumstance is favorable. However, Paul admits that he believes that he will be set free from imprisonment so that he can continue his ministry. Specifically, Paul anticipates returning to Philippi to further grow and mature the believers there.

Paul urges the Philippians to live out a life that reflects the gospel of Christ. They should not be surprised or dismayed when enemies oppose them. The fact that anyone opposes them means they are honoring God, and that those who attack them will be judged for it by God. The Philippians have been given the privilege of suffering for Christ, just as Paul has suffered; it is a badge of honor that we suffer for Christ, for it means rewards in the next life, and a fulfilling life of faith in the present. It is a good thing to have the comforts of life taken away, because they are ultimately distractions from service to God.

Despite the challenging situation he is in, Paul takes on a perspective that no matter what, his only concern is to remain faithful in his ministry of preaching the gospel of Christ. He wants the Philippians also to have this attitude, one that is true and right in the face of suffering. In Chapter 2, Paul will expound on this proper mindset, which believes that radical obedience to God is the path of our own true self-interest.


Paul extends favor and peace to the Philippians. He expresses how thankful he is in his prayers concerning them. They have financially supported Paul throughout his ministry, so he views them as co-laborers, and is confident that Jesus will continue to work through their faithfulness until His return.

Paul continues his salutation, adding the phrase Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The word translated grace is “charis” and means “favor.” The context determines who is granting favor, and for what reason. This can be seen in Luke, which says:

“And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men” (Luke 2:52).

The word translated “favor” in this verse from Luke is also “charis,” so it could be translated “grace.” In this case, humans in Jesus’ community were attributing favor to Jesus as a boy because he was growing in stature and wisdom. In this case the “grace” or “favor” was being attributed due to a value judgement of Jesus’ life and character.

Another instance of the Bible’s use of “charis” is in Luke 1, when the angel addresses the Virgin Mary:

And coming in, he [the angel] said to her, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you” (Luke 1:28).

“Favored one” here is a translation of “charitoo,” the root of which is “charis.” Thus, in his salutation, by stating grace to you, Paul is wishing favor upon these Philippian believers whom he serves in his capacity as a minister of the gospel.

Paul also wishes peace upon them in addition to wishing grace. It seems probable that Paul here has in mind the Jewish idea of Shalom, which is translated from Hebrew to English as “peace.” “Shalom” is used as a Hebrew greeting to this day. It has a deep and holistic meaning, being derived from a root word that indicates wholeness or completeness. The significance of “Shalom” is not limited to the mere absence of conflict. It is quite broad, and can apply to prosperous circumstances as well as spiritual well being. Therefore, in wishing the Philippian believers grace and peace, Paul is wishing their lives to be full and complete in the broadest possible terms.

Paul continues the opening to his letter by saying I thank my God in all my remembrance of you, always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all, in view of your participation in the gospel from the first day until now. We can get an idea from this letter and Paul’s other writings how the Philippian believers had participation in the gospel together with Paul. We will learn in verse 29 of chapter 1 that it had “been granted for Christ’s sake, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake.” Their suffering on behalf of the gospel, even as Paul suffered, would be a participation in the gospel. Paul will also say they have “always obeyed” (Philippians 2:12).

The Philippian believers were also Paul’s earliest and most consistent financial supporters (Philippians 4:15-16). Paul made a particular point in 1 Corinthians 9 that he had earned his own support (likely through tent making) rather than raise financial support. As we will see in chapter 4, the Philippian believers sent financial support to Paul without being asked. This would be another example of their participation in the gospel together with Paul.

Paul states that their participation in the gospel is the reason that he is always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all. Paul is joyful both because the Philippian believers are living faithfully, enduring suffering as good soldiers of Jesus, as well as participating together with him by providing for his finances. This brings Paul joy, as that is the very purpose of his stewardship in the gospel of Christ.

Paul’s prayer is rooted in faith, as he states that he is confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. We can discern from the context here, as well as from other prayers of Paul in his letters, that Paul’s primary prayer for the Philippian believers was that they would continue to grow in faith, and endure faithfully until the end of their lives. Paul wanted them to have the same sort of reward that Jesus gained for living faithfully, as he will describe in 2:5-11. To see his spiritual children live faithfully is Paul’s great reward (Philippians 2:14-16; 1 Thessalonians 2:20).

Paul stated that Jesus began a good work in you. Standing alone, this phrase could refer to the fact the Philippian believers had come to faith in Christ. When we come to faith. Jesus lays out good works for us to walk in by faith (Ephesians 2:10). Scripture also promises that God will cause all things to work for good to those who are in Christ, the “good” being to conform us to the image of Jesus (Romans 8:28-29). However, in this passage the immediate context better lends itself to interpret the good work God began in the Philippian believers to be their participation in the gospel from the first day until now. The first day likely refers to the first time the Philippians believed in the gospel. That is when their participation in the gospel began, and it has remained until the time of the writing of this letter. Their example of steadfastness is what gives Paul confidence that they will stick with him, and with the gospel.

This good work of participating in the gospel is something Paul is confident Jesus will also perfect. To be conformed to the image of Jesus is something scripture promises as a certainty (Romans 8:28-29). It seems that here Paul is speaking of something that is uncertain. Paul explains in the next section why he is confident the Philippian believers will continue their participation in the gospel: they have continued to give gifts of resources to Paul while he is imprisoned, causing them to be partakers of the “grace” or “favor” given to Paul for his suffering. By supporting him, they share in the grace he receives from God because of his suffering for the gospel’s sake. Paul is saying “Given the commitment you have shown so far, I am confident you will continue sticking with me, and with the gospel.”

The word translated perfect comes from the root word “epiteleo,” which means “to execute to full completion.” Paul’s prayer for the Philippians is connected to a firm belief that the good work Jesus began in them—participating with Paul in his gospel ministry—will continue until Paul’s ministry is completed. Further, he believes Jesus will continue to perfect this good work in them even until the day of Christ Jesus. This day refers to a future event, when the current age will end, and when Jesus will judge the deeds of all believers, to give rewards for our obedience (2 Corinthians 5:10).

Paul likely has in mind a confidence that the Philippians will continue on past his lifetime, and continue to stand for and perpetuate the gospel even after he is gone, for the duration of their own lifetimes. As Paul will tell us in chapter 2, there is an immense reward that comes through living a life of humble obedience. Paul will lay out a vision that continuing to participate in the gospel is following the example of Jesus. In spite of the cost, even to loss of life, Paul will argue that this is the path we should follow in order to advance our highest ultimate self-interest.

Paul’s confidence in this reality is what makes him glad to encourage his disciples to embrace suffering for the cause of Christ. Paul is entirely convinced that it will be completely worth it. He will unpack this more in Chapter 2.

Biblical Text

2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3 I thank my God in all my remembrance of you, 4 always offering prayer with joy in my every prayer for you all, 5 in view of your participation in the gospel from the first day until now. 6 For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.

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