Paul is restating to his audience of believers in Rome that there is no distinction between those Jews and Greeks who believe, that God is Lord of both, and anyone who calls upon Him gains riches and salvation.
In verse 12 and 13 Paul is talking about gaining riches as well as salvation if we call on the Lord. The Greek word translated “call upon” in verses 12, 13, and 14 is different from the word translated as “confess” in verses 9-11. Confess means to agree with; call upon means to invoke or to name. In verses 9-11 Paul instructed believers to agree with and do what they know is true in their hearts, which brings righteousness/harmonious living into their daily lives. Paul is again spelling out that when it comes to faith, there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him.
In verse 13, Paul quotes a portion of Joel 2:32, where the prophet Joel is speaking to Israel, Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved. In this verse, the word “saved” is used. The Greek word “sozo,” translated “saved” here, is often translated “heal” when the context makes it clear that a person was delivered from a disease. Any time we see the word “save” (verb) or “salvation” (noun) it is important to ask, “What is being delivered (saved) from what?”
In the context of Romans 10, and Romans as a whole, what do Jews and Gentiles need to call upon God for deliverance from? In this particular context, it appears the answer would be “poverty,” because if we call on God we gain riches, which saves or delivers us from poverty.
Throughout Romans Paul tells his audience that the righteousness of the law brings spiritual poverty. That is the condition of the competing Jewish “authorities,” and it is the condition of Israel. But the righteousness of faith, for those who call on Him, brings great riches. When we confess what we know to be true in our hearts, then live out those truths, we have true riches, spiritual riches. In the context of Romans 10, some of these spiritual riches are cultivated through righteous, harmonious living with fellow believers as Paul makes clear in chapters 12 through 15. Spiritual poverty, on the other hand, consists of a lack of fellowship not only with God but also with His family. If we call on Jesus, believe in Him, we can experience all of the spiritual riches God has for us.
This concept of spiritual riches, achieved through daily faith in God, is taught throughout the Bible. In Revelation 3:18, Jesus counsels the believers in Laodicea to “buy gold” from Jesus, as much as they like. It is inarguable that if someone could have as much gold as they wanted, then they would be very rich. In Revelation 3, the means to gaining those great riches is to listen to Jesus’ voice. Isaiah 55 uses the same word picture to show that true riches come from listening to God. We have the Spirit of Jesus in our hearts. True righteousness, and true riches stems from listening to the word of Jesus, speaking those words, and doing those words.
12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him; 13 for “Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
Check out our other commentaries:
Matthew 6:7-8 meaningJesus teaches His disciples to pray to their Father who loves and understands them, not like the Gentiles who utter meaningless repetitions in order to......
What is Eternal Life? How to gain the Gift of Eternal Life meaningWhen God created men and women in His image, He created them to live in partnership forever with Him as they ruled over the earth.......
Amos 6:8 meaningThrough the oracle of Amos, the LORD swears by Himself that He will deliver up the city of Samaria and all it contains because He......
Jonah 4:5-8 meaningWhile Jonah sits under his shelter outside of Nineveh, God appoints a plant to provide extra shade for him, making him very happy. But when......
Exodus 4:10-12 meaningMoses’ fourth objection centers around his feeling of inadequacy for the job God wants him to do. The job involved quite a bit of speaking,......