The Apostle Paul writes to the world-renowned believers in Rome, the center of the world at that time, in order to answer a slanderous charge made to them against Paul and his message. Paul’s detractors claim his emphasis on faith overturns the law. Paul says that ” just living by the law” does not achieve personal justice before God, while “just living by faith” does. Paul then demonstrates what a just life looks like: harmonious living with Jesus as the leader. Paul also makes clear the choice a believer has: to walk in faith and the power of the resurrection and experience resurrection life, or walk in sin and unnecessarily experience the negative consequences.
God instituted government, and appoints authorities to serve the purpose of promoting good and punishing evil. When evil is punished by government, that is the wrath of God being executed. As believers, we should look for opportunities to obey the laws of the land, and serve as good examples. To the extent we are or have influence on governmental authority, it is our job to advocate that the government actually do its job properly, to promote good and punish evil.