The Apostle Paul writes to the world-renowned believers in Rome, the center of the world at that time, in order to answer a slanderous charge made to them against Paul and his message. Paul’s detractors claim his emphasis on faith overturns the law. Paul says that ” just living by the law” does not achieve personal justice before God, while “just living by faith” does. Paul then demonstrates what a just life looks like: harmonious living with Jesus as the leader. Paul also makes clear the choice a believer has: to walk in faith and the power of the resurrection and experience resurrection life, or walk in sin and unnecessarily experience the negative consequences.
In Chapter 6, Paul continues to refute slanderous claims about his ministry, such as the claim that he is teaching that sinning is good because it allows the grace of God to increase. Paul explains how believers in Christ have been freed from their sinful past, and are now given the power to obey God rather than their sinful desires, because they have been resurrected into a new life (through Christ’s resurrection).