In chapter 10, the flood account is over and the descendants of Noah are repopulating the earth as God instructed them to “be fruitful and multiply.” From Noah’s three sons, all the nations of the world were established. For instance, from the seven sons of Japheth, the Gentile nations descended. This chapter is sometimes called the Table of Nations. It is arranged in three divisions according to the three sons of Noah. It is a list of major people groups, tribes, and regions. This list does not cover all the nations of the earth, only the most relevant for biblical history and most relevant to Israel. There is a total of seventy descendants listed for Shem, Ham, and Japheth (Noah’s sons). From these seventy, we have approximately three thousand languages and one hundred fifty nations today.
After the flood, the world begins to repopulate. Japheth had seven sons. His eldest Gomer had three sons and Javan had four sons. These families moved north, some settling in coastlands.
Ham fathered four sons. Cush had six sons, including Nimrod. Raamah had two sons. Nimrod was a great leader.
Nimrod was a mighty hunter. He built the kingdom of Babel and in Assyria, he built the city of Nineveh. Mizraim had seven sons.
Canaan was the father of eleven sons. The land of the Canaanites was called Canaan which later was conquered by the Jews. Ham had a total of 30 descendants.
Shem had five sons. Aram was the father of four sons. Arpachshad was the grandfather of Eber and an ancestor of Abraham.
Eber had two sons. Joktan had thirteen sons. Peleg fathered two sons, one of them was Abraham.
Shem had twenty-six descendants listed in the table of nations. A total of seventy nations were credited to Noah by his descendants.